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商科留学文书写作必知原则

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匿名  发表于 2021-2-8 22:35:10 |阅读模式
什么是STAR准则?​咨询essayquality微信号 :equality2hao
STAR分别代表的是

S—Situation:作业是在什么状况下产生;

T—Task:你是怎么明确你的使命的;

A—Action:针对这样的状况剖析,你采用了什么举动方法;

R—Result:成果怎样,在这样的状况下你学习到了什么。

面试者经过这四个方面来阐述自己的阅历以及对事情的看法来回答面试官的问题,面试官也能够经过STAR的准则来评判面试者的能力。这一准则后来被使用到文书中的个人阅历阐述中,并且逐步变成一种主流准则。

STAR怎样使用?

通常留学文书写作的题目都是围绕着你本身阅历来写的,因此文书的问题

大致都是:请讲出一件最近处理过的应战或作业困难这一类型。

Situation: 最简单了,4W(时间,地点,人物,事情。When,Where,Who,What) 不要包含跟4W无关的细节。

Task:Task要讲的尽量详细,以显示项目的复杂性,紧急性,严重性,从而烘托你有多厉害。但也不要废话,每一句话都要有用。

Action:Action要讲的是你对于状况是怎样剖析的,以及是怎么履行的。要点杰出整个流程的连贯性以及你的举动对整段阅历的贡献。

Result:这个部分咱们常常疏忽,CV里没有写科研的成果,PS里没有写收成。Result必须是经过不断的尽力和科学合理的方法手法,成功的处理了这个问题,咱们都很满足。并且,Result 不光包含事情本身的成果,例如竞赛获奖,实习完毕拿到Return offer。

更重要的,你的感触,学习,这件事对你的影响。这最终的感触提高,才是画蛇添足,提高Essay水平的关键。

案例剖析

STAR准则大致上便是这样的,为了更好地理解,咱们接下来就从哈佛大学范文摘取一段为咱们剖析STAR的使用。

基本信息:Christopher

专业:前史与文学

地区:费城,宾夕法尼亚州

Essay代写范文:

When I broke the news to my volunteer team, we were in a church basement, cleaning up after the final event of the summer. I tried to downplay it. I nudged Ms. Diana, the neighborhood leader, in the shoulder, and said, "Guess what I'll be doing next Wednesday — having lunch with the president." Her face blazed with a kilowatt smile. Before I could slow her down, she shouted, "Christopher's meeting President Obama next week."

Eldred dropped his broom, Ms. Sheila left the cups scattered >— total calls, knocks, voters registered, and events — in the country.

I felt guilty that only I could go and told them so. "I wish that I could bring you all with me. You made nearly all of the calls, brought your friends and family along, and made this what it is. I've just been here to facilitate." The others good-naturedly shouted me down. Then Ms. Melva spoke up. Her words were pressed out against the heaving of her respirator. "Christopher, don't feel bad. You'll bring us wherever you go in your pocket. Just pull us out when you meet Barack."

For a long time, I was perplexed by her advice. Then I thought back to the exercise that we employed before any volunteer activity. We sat in a circle and gave our reasons for being in the room, willing to work with the campaign. That way, when it came time to make our "hard ask" on the phones, we would be supported by personal conviction and shared purpose. The "hard ask" is the Obama campaign's tactic for garnering support or a commitment to volunteer, moving from values to idealism to specific action.

In my work on the campaign, I am reminded of my cross-country coach, Rob. Before every single race, from petty league meets to national championships, Rob taps the spot on his thigh where a pocket would be. We look at our teammates who are lining up with us and tap the same spot. Coach Rob is reminding us, and we're reminding each other, that we carry "the bastard" in our pockets with us throughout the race.

I want an education that fills my pockets. And, perhaps more importantly, an education that prompts hard asks, that demands us to use the "The bastard in your pocket" is a metaphor for the sum of our efforts to succeed as runners. "The bastard" exists as a sort of Platonic ideal form of the high school cross-country runner, melded from accrued mileage and mental conditioning. My goal in a race is to take this ideal form and to transform it into a reality that lives on the course.

I want an education that fills my pockets. And, perhaps more importantly, an education that prompts hard asks, that demands us to use "the bastard" and that uses the compounded experiences of a group for a single purpose.

总结剖析

整篇文章围绕着Christopher在暑假里与总统会晤的事情阅历,文章以倒叙的方式编撰。依据STAR准则,留学GT哥依据此文来为咱们剖析一下:

S——第一段中,依据4W准则,作者点明晰这个阅历是产生在他暑假时。事情是代表他的整个团队与总统会晤。基本为接下来的阅历做了一个铺垫以及介绍了整段阅历的一个基本状况。

T——在第三段中,作者详细描述了他的使命便是代表团队与总统会晤,作者并没将大幅的篇章花费在与总统的会晤上,由于他期望杰出他的团队,所以把要点都放在他的团队是怎么将这个使命委任给他的。

A——在第四段中,作者是经过回想整个团队是怎么尽力合作的,这个流程并没有非常地突显个人功劳,都是以团队的方式在叙事。

R——在最终两段中,作者都注重剖析了它在整个过程中的收成,他的一些感触以及他期望经过未来的学习取得什么内容。

总结一下,STAR准则运用在文书上也是非常成功的,但是要成果一篇好的文书,个性化的文书并不是容易的事,需要非常专业的英语常识以及相关文书写作的经验。

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